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Diabetic Feet

 Diabetes is a condition where the amount of glucose in the blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly. Diabetes can reduce the blood supply to your feet and cause many foot problems.

There are two types of diabetes.

Type 1 usually appears in children or people under 30 years; however, it can be present in those over 40. In this instance, the pancreas, which usually produces insulin, completely lacks the ability to produce any insulin at all. For these individuals, the only treatment is insulin injections which must be administered for life.

Type 2 diabetes develops when the body can still produce some insulin but not enough, or when the insulin produced does not work effectively; known as insulin resistance. It is often linked to being overweight and whilst it is incurable, it can be managed with a sensible diet, exercise, and medication.

!! Did you know!!

Around 10% of people with diabetes will have a diabetic foot ulcer at some time in their lives – around 400,000 people (about half the population of Delaware). 130 amputations take place each week in the UK, 80% of which are preceded by a diabetic foot ulcer – (IDDT). We work closely with the IDDT – Independent Diabetic Trust, to help raise awareness on Diabetes and looking after your feet. Their brochure can be found in our clinic for your collection & review.

Damage to Nerves (Peripheral Neuropathy)

Over time, high blood glucose (sugar) levels can damage the small blood vessels that supply the nerves in your body. This stops essential nutrients reaching the nerves. As a result, the nerve fibres can become damaged, and they may disappear.

Lowered immunity

Puts diabetic patients at higher risk of bacterial, fungal, and viral infections.

Damage to Blood Vessel (Peripheral Vascular Disease|)

The peripheral blood vessels can become narrower after a prolonged period of high blood sugar, thus restricting the blood flow to the small capillaries in our body. As the higher blood sugar also tends to thicken the blood, this makes it less able to flow through. This means that wound healing is affected as the nutrients and other essentials in the blood cannot get round to the wound to heal it efficiently.

As well as our informative leaflets, we specialise in diabetic foot care, and are able to offer nerve and blood flow checks, general foot care reviews and advice, self-care advice and referrals to other multi-disciplinary teams if required.

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